The following paper will investigate a type of Finnish comparative construction in which the standard of comparison is marked with Partitive case, and is placed before the comparative adjective, without any comparative complementiser present. This structure is identical to the well-known Ablative of Comparison, familiar from Latin and many other languages. As the Finnish Partitive is known to derive historically from an Ablative case, an account of the Comparative Partitive requires both a synchronic and diachronic perspective. The modern uses of the Partitive as a case of quantification will be considered, as well as its historical development. Then the question will be approached diachronically, dealing with how the Partitive developed from the earlier Ablative case, and how in consequence, Finnish Comparative Partitives developed from Ablatives of Comparison. It will be shown that the use of the Partitive in such structures accords with other uses of the Partitive.
Keywords: Ablative of comparison, comparatives, Finnish, Mordvinian languages, partitive
This paper deals with the two kinds of deverbal nouns that exist in Hill Mari: nominalizations derived using the suffix -mə̑ - and those derived using -ma¹-. The aim of the study is to establish the functional structure in Hill Mari nominalizations. The data shows that the first kind of deverbal nouns found in Hill Mari, the -mə̑ - nominals, retain a lot of clausal properties due to the many clausal projections embedded in the DP, the structure of these nominals thereby being [DP [PossP [PlP [nP -ma¹- [NegP [vP [LP ]]]]]]]]. The ambiguous results on the -ma¹- nominals suggest to analyse these as two different kinds of nominalizations, one of them functioning as a Referential Nominal and therefore including no functional verbal projections: [DP [PossP [PlP [nP -ma¹- [LP ]]]]]], the other having the same structure as -mə̑ - nominalizations (and only being grammatical for a group of speakers).
Keywords: Hill Mari, Finno-Ugric languages, nominalization, functional structure, argument encoding, verbal projections